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BEAUTY - Black heads, pimples and acne
 
Blackheads start when the sebaceous gland over produce the oil or sebum secreted through the pores. Sebum carries dead cells and this dead skin cells and sebum block a hair follicle near the surface of the skin. When a pore is fully blocked, a black head or white head form. Owing to blackheads the pores get blocked and oil glands get infected resulting in pimples. Later, red, swollen and inflamed pimples develop as the sebum spills in to the surrounding tissue and attacks the inner layer of the skin giving way to an acne prone condition.
 
 
This situation may be caused by hormonal changes at puberty, when raging hormones stimulates the sebaceous glands and they become more active. But hormonal imbalances can also trigger acne well after a women passes through puberty. Women are most likely to have acne until late in life.

Pimples may occasionally occur due to the side effects of drugs taken for other illness. Cosmetic preparations containing lanolin and paraffin may aggravate the condition in some peoples. The pimples are often painful and hot to the touch. These can lead to scarring and an early cure will prevent scarring and reduce further increase in the facial skin problems. Do not squeeze the pimple / acne as this would lead to more infection and scars on the skin.Care should be taken immediately when you have the black heads. Drink plenty of water and fresh fruits and fruit juices. Keep the skin clean by washing it quite often, 4-5 times in a day with plain water.

Blackheads can be extracted but it is a professional job. Never pick at them, or try to remove them yourself that will damage the skin tissue and cause the skin to get infected, resulting in an acne condition. These can spread to the neck and chest, and even the back and this condition is called acne vulgaris.
 
Remove blackheads and whiteheads with a blackheads extractor (Schaumberg loop extractor) while pressing the skin gently. Warm moist towels applied to the face for 10-15 minutes before the treatment will be helpful for the easy removal of black heads. Then wipe off your face with an astringent lotion to close the pores.
 
A simple home remedy for effective cure for blackheads or to get rid of blackheads by using the Black Pepper and Curd paste. Take one tablespoon of black pepper powder and add to it enough curd to make thick paste. Apply only on the infected area and allow drying. Gently scrape off with you fingertips and wash the face.

For sensitive skin do not apply the black pepper curd paste instead make a paste of sandalwood powder with rose water; and apply this paste on blackheads. Allow the paste to dry and wash with plain water after 8-10 minutes.

For pimples the following home remedies are beneficial and you may choose according to the availability:
• Apply a mixture of one table spoon of groundnut oil and honey on the effected area and wash off with warm water after 15-20 minutes
• Apply a mixture of turmeric and neem on the face and wash off with warm water after 15-20 minutes.
• A mixture of crushed mint leaves and oats will reduce pimples. Apply this paste for 20 minutes and wash it with warm water.
• Mix thick curd, turmeric and two drops of oil and apply on the face and wash off with warm water after 15-20 minutes.
• Crush garlic and take the juice and apply it on the face daily and wash off with warm water after 15-20 minutes.
• Make a paste with sandal wood and turmeric and apply it on the face twice a day with warm water after 15-20 minutes.
• Apply a paste of fried and powdered pomegranate skin with fresh lime juice over acne, pimples, and blackhead and wash off.
• Grind nutmeg with milk and apply on affected area and wash it off after 15-20 minutes with lukewarm water.
• Mix lime juice and rose water in equal portions. Apply on affected area. Wash it off after 15-20 minutes with lukewarm water. This has proven beneficial results
• Mix an equal quantity of eau-de-cologne with boiled and cooled lemon juice. Apply the solution over pimples. Wash off after half an hour.
• Mix 3 tbsp of honey and 1tsp of cinnamon powder and make it a paste by. Apply this paste on the acne before sleeping and wash it next morning with warm water.
• Apply grated cucumber over the face and neck for fifteen to twenty minutes has been found the best tonic for your complexion. Its regular use also prevents pimples and blackheads.

 

 
In advance stage of acne a combination of local application and oral medicines may necessitate and the doctor may prescribe oral antibiotics and topical benzyl peroxide applications. The combined treatment will give better and the results will last longer. A drug, derivative from vitamin A, isotretinoin has revolutionalised the treatment of severe variety of acne. You should not take vitamin A pills or multivitamins that contain vitamin A. Also not take any antibiotics without talking to your doctor first. This medication should be under the strict observation of a qualified medical practitioner as isotretinoin has side effects.
 
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